Researchers at the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) have developed an apparatus that is used to image rodents while they are awake. The biological effects of agents on the rats can be imaged (via MRI for instance) in real time over a prolonged period of time.
Researchers at the National Cancer Institute (NCI) have developed an engineered storage unit for frozen tissue, that provides a permanent base on which to mount tissue frozen in OCT and an enclosure for storage. The unit provides for chain-of-custody labeling and acts as an insulating container to protect the specimen. Other elements include devices for freezing the tissue to the base, as well as a holder for the base to facilitate cryosectioning. Application of the storage system allows a frozen tissue specimen to be moved between storage and cryosectioning without loss of label, deformation of tissue, or thermal alterations.
Scientists at the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute for Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) have discovered that changes in the osmotic pressure of tissue or hydroscopic samples having a mass of less than about one microgram and that can exert a high osmotic pressure can be measured by this method.
The NICHD seeks research and co-development or licensees for a method of measuring small physical changes in small quantities of materials.
Pre-clinical radiotracer biomedical research involves the use of compounds labeled with radioisotopes, including cell binding studies, immune cell labeling techniques, and radio-ligand bio-distribution studies. Before this Micro-Dose Calibrator, measurement of pre-clinical level dosage for small animal studies was inaccurate and unreliable. This dose calibrator is a prototype ready for manufacturing. It is designed to accurately measure radioactive doses in the range of 50 nCi (1.8 kBq) to 100 µCi (3.7 MBq) with 1% precision. The NCI seeks co-development or licensing to commercialize it. Alternative uses will be considered.
Researchers at the National Cancer Institute (NCI) developed a genetic assay for detecting transcription errors in RNA synthesis. This new assay extends the familiar concept of an Ames test which monitors DNA damage and synthesis errors to the previously inaccessible issue of RNA synthesis fidelity. The FDA requires genetic DNA focused tests for all drug approval as it assesses the in vivo mutagenic and carcinogenic potential of a drug. The new assay will open an approach to monitoring the impact of treatments on the accuracy of RNA synthesis. Errors in transcription have been hypothesized to be a component of aging and age-related diseases. The National Cancer Institute (NCI) seeks licensing partners for the genetic assay.
Researchers at the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) developed a device simulating a blast shock wave of the type produced by explosive devices such as bombs. The invention allows for the real-time study of blast effects on in vitro cell models. NICHD researchers seek licensing opportunities to further develop this device.
The National Cancer Institute (NCI) seeks research co-development opportunities and/or licensees for a new biomedical device for biopsy tissue collection and storage in a sterile, well-defined environment.