You are here

Share:

Monoclonal antibodies that target cancer

Summary
The NCI Cancer and Inflammation Program is seeking parties to license monoclonal antibodies against the insulin-like growth factor for the treatment of cancer.
NIH Reference Number
E-212-2011
Product Type
Keywords
  • prostate cancer
  • leukemia
  • Dimitrov
  • insulin-like growth factor
  • IGF1R
  • IGF
  • 7,824,681
Collaboration Opportunity
This invention is available for licensing.
Contact
Description of Technology

The type 1 insulin-like growth factor (IGF) receptor (IGF1R) is over-expressed by many tumors and mediates proliferation, motility, and protection from apoptosis. Agents that inhibit IGF1R expression or function can potentially block tumor growth and metastasis. Its major ligands, IGF-I, and IGF-II are over-expressed by multiple tumor types. Previous studies indicate that inhibition of IGF-I, and/or IGF-II binding to its known receptor negatively modulates signal transduction through the IGF pathway and associated cell proliferation and growth. Therefore, use of humanized or fully human antibodies against IGFs represents a valid approach to inhibit tumor growth.

Researchers at the National Cancer Institute Cancer and Inflammation Program recently generated two monoclonal antibodies, designated m610.27 and m630, and a bispecific monoclonal antibody, m660, by linking domains from m610.27 and m630. All three antibodies display high affinities for IGF-I and IGF-II in the pM to nM range. The antibodies inhibited signal transduction mediated by the IGF-1R interaction with IGF-I and IGF-II and blocked phosphorylation of IGF-IR and the insulin receptor. m610.27 and m630 are the first pair of human antibodies that target non-overlapping epitopes on IGF-II. All three antibodies in an IgG1 or IgG1-like format could lead to irreversible elimination of IGF-II from circulation making it a viable candidate for cancer treatment.

Potential Commercial Applications
  • Therapeutic for the treatment of various human diseases associated with aberrant cell growth and motility such as breast, prostate, and leukemia cancers.
  • Research reagent to study IGF-I and/or IGF-II binding and its association with tumor growth.
Competitive Advantages
  • m610.27 and m630 are the first characterized antibodies that target non-overlapping epitopes on IGF-II
  • m660 was generated from two domains; one each from m610.27 and m630.
  • Small size of the m610.27 and m630 domains prevent overlapping in binding to IGF-II.
Inventor(s)

Dimiter Dimitrov (NCI)

Development Stage
Patent Status
  • U.S. Patent Issued: U.S. Patent Number 9,127,056, Issued 08 Sep 2015
Therapeutic Area
Updated
Wednesday, December 20, 2017